Modelo doble ABCX: dos familias de hijos con trastorno del espectro autista.

Gabriela Calle Gonzalez, Mariantonia Lemos

Resumen


Double ABCX model: two families of children with autistic spectrum disorder

 Resumen

Objetivo: Comparar el proceso de ajuste de dos madres al diagnóstico de sus hijos diagnosticados con trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) mediante el modelo Doble ABCX. Método: Estudio de casos comparativos con dos madres de niños diagnosticados con TEA que asisten a una fundación especializada. M1 tiene una hija de seis años con un TEA de alto funcionamiento, no presenta estereotipias ni conductas inapropiadas. Se ha caracterizado por su inasistencia a las actividades programadas por los profesionales a cargo. M2 tiene un hijo de 8 años con un TEA de bajo funcionamiento, con conductas desafiantes y desadaptativas. Es considerada con alta adherencia. Se realizó una entrevista semi-estructurada centrada en los factores del modelo. Resultados: El modelo es adecuado para explorar las áreas que intervienen en el proceso. Hay tres aspectos que emergen del análisis del modelo: importancia de las estrategias de afrontamiento, información en el proceso de empoderamiento y aprendizaje como un proceso transversal. Conclusión: El proceso de adaptación de una familia al diagnóstico de un TEA requiere un acompañamiento que favorezca el aprendizaje sobre el trastorno, el empoderamiento frente al mismo y el uso adecuado de estrategias de afrontamiento.

Palabras claves: Autismo, diagnóstico, ajuste, discapacidad 


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25057/25005731.977

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