Trastorno del espectro autista y cognición social: un estudio de revisión

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25057/21452776.1483

Palabras clave:

trastorno del espectro autista, autismo, cognición social, teoría de la mente

Resumen

En el presente artículo se realizó una revisión de la literatura sobre la relación entre el trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) y la cognición social (CS), la cual permite entender las alteraciones en la comunicación social en el autismo. Para ello se seleccionaron 50 artículos de estudios empíricos publicados en diferentes bases de datos entre el año 2010 y 2021. Los resultados se ordenaron y categorizaron a partir de conceptos relacionales, a través del estudio del arte, encontrando que las investigaciones consultadas convergen en las alteraciones de la CS en el TEA; otros estudios presentan instrumentos para la evaluación de la CS e intervenciones sobre la misma, buscando mejorar las habilidades y competencias en la comunicación en el autismo. Se confirmaron las alteraciones en CS y teoría de la mente (ToM) en población TEA y se evidenció la falta de más estudios sobre el diseño e implementación de intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar la CS en esta población, especialmente centrados en Latinoamérica.

Biografía del autor/a

Marcela López Arias, Universidad de Manizales

Psicóloga, Universidad de Manizales, Manizales, Colombia

Magíster en Psicología Clínica, Universidad de Manizales, Manizales, Colombia

Yeny Lorena López Arias, Universidad de Manizales

Psicóloga, Universidad de Manizalez, Manizales, Colombia

Juan Bernardo Zuluaga Valencia, Universidad de Manizales

Psicólogo, Universidad de Manizañes, Manizales, Colombia

Magíster en Desarrollo Educativo y Social, Universidad Pedagógica Nacional, Bogotá, Colombia

Doctor en Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud, Universidad de Manizales, Manizales, Colombia

 

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Cómo citar

López Arias, M., López Arias, Y. L., & Zuluaga Valencia, J. B. . (2022). Trastorno del espectro autista y cognición social: un estudio de revisión. Psicoespacios, 16(29), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.25057/21452776.1483

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2022-12-06

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Revisión o meta-análisis
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