Contribuciones de las funciones ejecutivas sobre los procesos emocionales: una revisión sistemática

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25057/21452776.1527

Palabras clave:

funciones ejecutivas, Control inhibitorio, procesos emocionales, regulación emocional, memoria de trabajo, flexibilidad cognitiva

Resumen

El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo general identificar las contribuciones de las funciones ejecutivas sobre los procesos emocionales, aportados en las investigaciones científicas empíricas publicadas en las diferentes bases de datos entre los años 2017 y 2022. Se llevó a cabo un estudio documental siguiendo las directrices de la declaración PRISMA guía 2020, con una muestra de 43 artículos seleccionados en las bases de datos ScienceDirect, Scopus, EbscoHost, Proquest, Oxford Academic, PudMed, APA PsycInfo, APA PsycArticles, APA PsycNet, SciElo, Redalyc, Dialnet y Web of Science, con un resumen de términos “funciones ejecutivas AND emociones”, “executive functions AND emotions”, “executive functions AND emotional processing”. Como resultados se encontraron las siguientes categorías de análisis: control inhibitorio, memoria de trabajo y flexibilidad cognitiva. En conjunto se concluye que varios aspectos de las funciones ejecutivas tienen asociación directa sobre varios dominios de los procesos emocionales, lo que deja claro que el procesamiento de las emociones depende del funcionamiento ejecutivo en más de un aspecto; no obstante, al parecer tres habilidades básicas de las funciones ejecutivas (control inhibitorio, memoria de trabajo y flexibilidad cognitiva) son claves en aspectos de los procesos emocionales como la regulación emocional. 

Biografía del autor/a

Alejandra Sánchez Ceballos, Universidad Maimónides

Psicología. Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Colombia

Maestría en Neuropsicología y Educación. Universidad Internacional De La Rioja, España

Doctorado en Psicología con Orientación en Neurociencia Cognitiva Aplicad. Universidad Maimónides, Argentina

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6858-0457

Correo electrónico: alejasanchezceballos@hotmail.com

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Cómo citar

Sánchez Ceballos, A. (2023). Contribuciones de las funciones ejecutivas sobre los procesos emocionales: una revisión sistemática. Psicoespacios, 17(31), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.25057/21452776.1527

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2023-10-12

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